Mosquito Control addresses the population of flying insects to effectively reduce their devastation to human health, agriculture, and recreation. The term Mosquito Control is not simply limited to killing mosquitoes but can also include controlling or eradicating rodents, bed bugs, ticks, and other pests. Mosquito Control is an essential public health practice in both the tropical and subtropical regions, and particularly in the tropics where mosquitoes transmit various diseases, including malaria and the recently-disappearing Zika virus.
Mosquitoes are the primary carriers of the dreaded mosquito borne diseases – dengue fever, malaria, yellow fever, chikungunya, Lyme disease, and tick-borne encephalitis. By definition, Mosquito Control refers to the method by which mosquitoes are eradicated from residential, commercial, institutional, industrial, and recreational settings. There are three main methods for eliminating mosquitoes: biological, chemical, or mechanical. Biotic mosquito control relies on biological agents, chemical pesticides, or biological aerators to eliminate mosquitoes. In most cases, biological insecticides are applied to the ground and surface areas.
Chemical mosquito control uses insecticides in order to repel mosquitoes. Chemical mosquito control generally involves baits, foggers, misters, and liquid pesticides. Chemical insecticides also have the added benefit of being safe for people and animals alike, while at the same time being safe for the environment.
Mechanical mosquito control refers to the use of traps, baits, hoses, sprinklers, and vacuums. Mechanical insecticides usually require human supervision and are best used when the mosquitoes are stationary, since mosquitoes will often return to its feeding grounds if repellents are not in use. Although mosquitoes can be killed naturally by baiting, foggers, sprays, the safest approach is still mechanical insecticide application.
Mosquito Control can be done in a variety of ways, depending on the nature and size of mosquito infestation. For example, in cities like Houston, Texas, where the mosquito population is high, mosquito control efforts can focus on preventing mosquito breeding in residential areas and commercial establishments, by reducing the number of standing water sources that are likely to attract mosquitoes.
In rural and small towns, mosquito control may focus on large open areas, such as fields and areas near homes. If there are low-lying areas, it may be more convenient to apply baits, foggers, sprays, or sprays directly to the ground in order to prevent mosquitoes from returning. Mosquitoes love stagnant water but will not eat food that has been sprayed with insecticides, so they avoid these areas. This is why it is necessary to ensure that pools, puddles, ponds, and stagnant water bodies are draining to keep mosquitoes away from houses. Another important issue that must be addressed before implementing mosquito control in large open areas is the need to create a buffer zone, between the treated areas and any living areas, such as the pool or house.
Effective methods for mosquito control vary depending on the type and size of infestation. Biotic mosquito control, for instance, must deal with infestations with multiple species of mosquitoes, whereas chemical pesticides can be more applicable to one species. Mosquitoes are attracted to certain foods, such as blood meal, which means that in order to get rid of them, one needs to destroy the blood meal. Food and water containers may be covered to trap mosquitoes and prevent them from returning, but are usually toxic enough to keep mosquitoes away.
There are many different types of mosquito control available on the market but using mechanical means of mosquito control is the safest, most economical, and best way to do it. However, many homeowners are hesitant to use chemicals on their own property, especially those who do not live in the city. However, using an effective mosquito control product, such as a fogger or insecticide, is better than leaving your home unprotected, and may prove useful in the future. While it is not easy to completely eliminate mosquitoes from an area, proper mosquito control methods are still the most effective way to prevent them from spreading into areas that have not yet been treated.